Bachata is a genre of Latin American music that originated in the Dominican Republic in the first half of the 20th century with mainly Spanish influences and also vestiges of indigenous and African musical elements, representative of the cultural diversity of the Dominican population.
The first recorded bachata compositions were made by José Manuel Calderón from the Dominican Republic. Bachata has its origin in the bolero and the son (and later, from the mid-80s, the merengue). The original term used to name the genre was amargue ("bitterness", "bitter music" or "blues music") until the rather ambiguous (and mood-neutral) term bachata became popular. The way of dancing, bachata, also developed with music. Wikipedia